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Benefits Of Cabbage, Nutrition, And Its Side Effects

Cabbage is a nutritious vegetable that offers numerous health benefits. Here are some of the key benefits of cabbage.

Benefits Of Cabbage

Rich in nutrients

Cabbage is low in calories but high in essential nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin B6, folate, manganese, and fiber. It also contains small amounts of other vitamins and minerals.

Antioxidant properties

Cabbage contains powerful antioxidants, including vitamin C and anthocyanins, which help protect the body against free radicals and reduce oxidative stress. Antioxidants play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and preventing chronic diseases.

Anti-inflammatory effects

Cabbage contains compounds that possess anti-inflammatory properties. These compounds, such as glucosinolates and polyphenols, may help reduce inflammation in the body and alleviate symptoms of inflammatory conditions like arthritis.

Digestive health

Cabbage is an excellent source of dietary fiber, which promotes healthy digestion and prevents constipation. It also contains a type of fiber called insoluble fiber, which adds bulk to the stool and supports regular bowel movements.

Heart health

The high fiber content in cabbage, along with its antioxidants and other beneficial compounds, contributes to heart health. Studies suggest that regular consumption of cabbage may help lower blood pressure, reduce cholesterol levels, and decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Cancer prevention

Cabbage contains glucosinolates, which are sulfur-containing compounds that have been associated with a reduced risk of certain cancers, including colon, lung, and breast cancer. These compounds have anti-cancer properties and may help inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Weight management

Cabbage is a low-calorie and high-fiber food, making it a great choice for weight management. Its high water content and fiber content can help you feel full while consuming fewer calories, aiding in weight loss or maintenance.

Eye health

Cabbage is a good source of vitamin C and beta-carotene, both of which are essential for eye health. These nutrients help protect the eyes from oxidative stress and may reduce the risk of developing cataracts and age-related macular degeneration.

Skin health

Vitamin C and antioxidants found in cabbage play a role in maintaining healthy skin. They help protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals, promote collagen synthesis, and contribute to a youthful and radiant complexion.

It’s worth noting that while cabbage has numerous health benefits, individual results may vary, and it’s always best to incorporate a variety of fruits and vegetables into a well-balanced diet for overall health and well-being.

Cabbage Nutrition

Cabbage is a highly nutritious vegetable that offers a range of essential vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial compounds. Here is a breakdown of the nutritional content of cabbage per 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of raw cabbage:

  • Calories: 25
  • Carbohydrates: 5.8 grams
  • Dietary fiber: 2.5 grams
  • Sugars: 3.2 grams
  • Fat: 0.1 grams
  • Saturated fat: 0 grams
  • Protein: 1.3 grams


  • Vitamin C: 36.6 milligrams (61% of the Daily Value)
  • Vitamin K: 76 micrograms (95% of the Daily Value)
  • Vitamin B6: 0.1 milligrams (4% of the Daily Value)
  • Folate: 43 micrograms (11% of the Daily Value)


  • Manganese: 0.2 milligrams (9% of the Daily Value)
  • Calcium: 40 milligrams (4% of the Daily Value)
  • Potassium: 170 milligrams (5% of the Daily Value)
  • Magnesium: 12 milligrams (3% of the Daily Value)

Cabbage is also a good source of other minerals such as iron, phosphorus, and copper, albeit in smaller amounts. Additionally, cabbage contains various phytochemicals, including glucosinolates and polyphenols, which contribute to its health benefits.

It’s important to note that these values are approximate and can vary depending on the specific variety of cabbage and its freshness. Cooking methods can also affect the nutrient content of cabbage. Nonetheless, cabbage remains a nutrient-dense vegetable that can be a valuable addition to a healthy diet.

Side Effects Of Cabbage

While cabbage is generally considered safe and well-tolerated, some individuals may experience certain side effects or have specific considerations when consuming cabbage. Here are a few potential side effects or considerations associated with cabbage:

Digestive issues

Cabbage contains fermentable carbohydrates, which may cause gas, bloating, or discomfort in some individuals, especially those with sensitive digestive systems or conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Cooking cabbage thoroughly or opting for fermented cabbage products like sauerkraut may help reduce these effects.

Thyroid function

Cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable, and raw cruciferous vegetables contain compounds known as goitrogens that can interfere with thyroid function in some people. However, cooking or steaming cabbage can reduce the goitrogenic compounds, making it safer for consumption. Individuals with thyroid issues may want to consult their healthcare provider about the appropriate intake of cruciferous vegetables.

Allergic reactions

Although rare, some individuals may be allergic to cabbage. Allergic reactions can range from mild symptoms like itching and skin rashes to more severe symptoms like difficulty breathing or anaphylaxis. If you experience any signs of an allergic reaction after consuming cabbage, seek medical attention immediately.

Interaction with blood-thinning medications

Cabbage is rich in vitamin K, which plays a role in blood clotting. If you are taking blood-thinning medications, such as warfarin, it’s essential to be consistent in your vitamin K intake to avoid interfering with the medication’s effectiveness. Consult your healthcare provider for guidance on incorporating cabbage into your diet while on blood-thinning medications.

Risk of foodborne illnesses

Like other raw vegetables, cabbage can carry bacteria like E. coli or Salmonella, which can cause foodborne illnesses. Thoroughly wash and clean cabbage before consumption, and store it properly to minimize the risk of contamination.

It’s important to note that these potential side effects or considerations are generally minimal and do not apply to everyone. Most people can enjoy cabbage as part of a balanced and varied diet without experiencing any adverse effects. If you have specific health concerns or dietary restrictions, it is always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian.


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