Button Mushroom Benefits, Nutrition, And Its Side Effects

Button Mushroom Benefits

Button mushroom benefits have a lot. Button mushroom is the most common variety of edible mushrooms cultivated and consumed worldwide. Common buttons are the fleshy fruit bodies in the Basidiomycetes family. This mushroom is well known for its high nutritional and therapeutic value. Hence possess antioxidant, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic, antidiabetic, and anticancer properties.

Agaricus bisporus original wild form is brownish cap and dark brown gills but the white form is more familiar. Various food applications such as boiled on pizzas and casseroles, stuffed mushrooms, raw on salads, and in various forms in a variety of dishes uses white button mushroom.

Button Mushroom Benefits

Eat white button mushroom for healthy liver

β-glucans and proteins present in white button mushrooms may prevent liver steatosis which is the early stage of fatty liver disease (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis). Thus white button mushroom consumption lowered liver weight and hepatic injury and protects the liver.

Rich in selenium

White button mushrooms are an excellent source of selenium. Thus is beneficial effects on disease treatment and prevention are associated with low selenium concentrations, such as aging, and neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, and immunological diseases.

White button mushroom helps in lowering the cholesterol level

White button mushrooms contain dietary fibers and antioxidants, vitamin C, D, and B12, folates, and polyphenols. These compounds help in decreasing blood cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and increase plasma high-density lipoprotein. Therefore, the consumption of mushrooms is beneficial in reducing cholesterol levels in hypocholesterolemic patients.

Prevents cancer

Ergothioneine, lectin, and beta-glucan found in white button mushrooms act as an antioxidant for breast cancer. Furthermore, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) present in mushrooms inhibits cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis thus preventing prostate cancer in men.

Manage Diabetes

White button mushroom contains polysaccharides which are natural antidiabetic may improve impaired glucose tolerance and reduce hyperglycemia and α-amylase activity. Thus mushroom polysaccharides may helpful for the treatment of multiple human disease syndromes.

White button mushroom for healthy gut health

White button mushroom increases the good gut microflora and reduced bad bacteria (e.g., Clostridia) in the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, it protects against gastrointestinal injury arising from heat stress because it contains selenium which is a bioactive compound and beneficial against intestinal permeability, epithelial injury, and barrier disruption induced from oxidative stress.

Studies suggested that mushrooms can be beneficial than meat because of their prebiotic, laxative effect, increase stool weight and improve gut health.

White button mushrooms help in reducing weight

Oligopeptide and fibers found in white button mushrooms have a high nutritious value which prevents excessive body weight gain, decreased belly circumference, and increase satiety without losing palatability.

Boost brain health

White button mushrooms are a good source of antioxidants such as ergosterol. Which can be converted to Vitamin D2 by treatment with UV light and helpful in the development of the central nervous system. Thus acts as a natural memory enhancer for the treatment of various cognitive disorders, dementia, Alzheimer’s, and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Healthy strong bones

The presence of ergosterol (ergocalciferol) in mushrooms is a natural source of vitamin D2 with exposure to UV light. Vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption and bone health, and a deficiency can lead to softening of the bones in children and adults as well as osteoporosis in adults, Thus intake of mushroom improve bone mineralization and prevent osteoporosis.

100g Button Mushroom Nutrition

  • Water 92.45 g
  • Energy 22 kcal
  • Protein 3.09 g
  • Total lipid (Fat)s 0.34 g
  • Ash 0.85 g
  • Carbohydrates 3.26 g
  • Dietary Fiber 1.0 g
  • Sugar 1.98 g
  • Calcium 3 mg
  • Iron 0.50 mg
  • Magnesium 9 mg
  • Phosphorous 86 mg
  • Potassium 318 mg
  • Sodium 5 mg
  • Zinc 0.52 mg
  • Copper 0.32 mg
  • Manganese 0.04 mg
  • Selenium 9.3 µg
  • Folates 17 µg
  • Niacin 3.60 mg
  • Riboflavin 0.40 mg
  • Pantothenic acid 1.49 mg
  • Thiamin 0.08 mg
  • Vitamin B-6 0.10 mg
  • Vitamin B-12 0.04 µg
  • Vitamin D 7 IU
  • Vitamin E 0.01 mg
  • Vitamin C 2.1 mg

Side Effects of Button Mushrooms

A research study suggested that consumption of white button mushrooms poses no toxicological risk to humans. But there is one drawback of the Agaricus bisporus species that is it contains 200–500 mg agaritine/kg fresh weight. This compound is carcinogenic in nature. However, when cooked, refrigerated, as well as dried these compounds were reduced significantly. Thus, the exposure to agaritine was substantially less when consuming processed Agaricus mushrooms as compared with consuming the raw mushrooms.

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