Sodium is one of the most important electrolytes and one of the most important ions present in ECF or extracellular fluid. It has a very important role to play in muscle function and enzyme function. Fluid retention and osmoregulation are required within the body.
Improved cardiac function, improved glucose absorption, and an improved nervous system are other important benefits of sodium. It can be described as a mineral in small amounts in natural foods but in large quantities in processed foods to enhance its flavor.
Primarily a prominent ion that works with bicarbonate and chloride to maintain a negative ion balance and is good for tissues and body fluids. Table salt is a major source of sodium.
The amount of Sodium Nutrition
Table salt contains 40% sodium and is, therefore, one of the most common sources of dietary sodium. One teaspoon of table salt contains 2300 milligrams of sodium, the recommended amount of sodium intake per day for a healthy adult.
However, it is important for people with high blood pressure to limit their sodium intake to 1500 milligrams daily. Healthy children need 1000 to 1500 milligrams of sodium. In addition to table salt or common salt, other important sources of sodium include canned soups, vegetables, and processed meats such as ham, sausage, and bacon.
Additional types of sodium are monosodium glutamate, sodium nitrate, sodium saccharin, sodium benzoate, and sodium bicarbonate. This is usually found in onion salt, soy sauce, and garlic salt.
Sodium Health Benefits
Listed below are excellent health benefits of Sodium,
Controls the fluid
Adding sodium to a human diet helps regulate fluid outside body cells. Sodium is needed for pumping fluid into body cells. Sodium helps to facilitate the flow of fluid in the form of a membrane that is accessible to areas with high salinity. Therefore, it can rightly be said that sodium combined with chlorine helps prevent water loss in the human body.
Sodium and bicarbonate help maintain a good balance between poorly charged ions and well-charged ions. Therefore, sodium has an important role to play in maintaining the charge difference across the cell membrane. Therefore, it activates sensory cells to send messages while allowing muscle cells to function properly.
Prevents water loss
Sunstroke is a problem caused by the loss of water and salt in the human body. As a result, the human body is unable to maintain a normal temperature due to constant exposure to high temperatures. Sunstroke can be prevented by having a liquid containing sugar and salt as it works by replacing the loss of essential electrolytes
Muscle cramps are the result of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. This is especially so during the summer when temperatures appear to be very high. Sodium activates hydration and muscle contraction. Liquids and rich juices in their sodium content help restore electrolyte balance in the human body.
It removes excess CO2
Sodium is also a great help in removing excess carbon dioxide that accumulates in the human body through excretion. This is probably one of the greatest benefits to the human body from sodium-rich liquids and beverages.
It improves the brain
Sodium is one of the most important nutrients needed for proper human brain development and for improving brain function. Altered levels of sodium in the body have a direct effect on the brain leading to confusion, dizziness, and laziness.
Apart from the fact that sodium is often associated with the high blood pressure but it is important to know that sodium in the right amount works well in maintaining a person’s heart health. Having enough sodium is needed to keep heart health strong. Sodium has the ability to regulate the nervous system which has a positive effect on the heart. Sodium can also help keep nerve pressure normalized continuously leading to proper blood pressure.
It is important to brush your teeth several times a day to maintain proper condition. Teeth may accumulate plaque and improve odor if not properly applied. Sodium is effective in cleaning teeth and mouth. The salt content of sodium helps to clean the mouth and teeth. Sea salt or common salt can be used effectively as regular toothpaste.
Free radicals make the skin look dull. There are many women who use anti-aging creams to combat the signs of aging. Sodium is one of the most important ingredients found in anti-aging creams. This is because sodium helps to detoxify the skin and prevent the first signs of aging.
Sodium also helps to reduce stomach acid. It is also used in several products in the diet to help eliminate heartburn and digestion.
How does sodium benefit the human body?
Sodium is both an electrolyte and mineral. It helps keep the water (the amount of fluid inside and outside the body's cells) and electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium is also important in how nerves and muscles work.
Does our body need sodium?
Sodium is an essential nutrient and is needed by the body in relatively small amounts(provided that substantial sweating does not occur) to maintain a balance of body fluids and keep muscles and nerves running smoothly. However, most Americans eat too much of it—and they may not even know it.
How much sodium is healthy?
Recommend that Americans consume less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day as part of a healthy eating pattern. adults eat more sodium than they should—an average of more than 3,400 mg each day.
How much sodium is OK for high blood pressure?
The American Heart Association recommends no more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day and an ideal limit of no more than 1,500 mg per day for most adults, especially for those with high blood pressure. Even cutting back by 1,000 mg a day can improve blood pressure and heart health.
What happens when you go low sodium?
Low blood sodium is common in older adults, especially those who are hospitalized or living in long-term care facilities. Signs and symptoms of hyponatremia can include altered personality, lethargy, and confusion. Severe hyponatremia can cause seizures, coma, and even death.