Chlorine deficiency, a condition in which chlorine is insufficient or misused. Chlorine is a component of all body fluids and the excretion of building processes (anabolism) and catabolism.
Levels of chlorine are closely related to food and sodium excretion because the main source of it all is sodium chloride or common table salt. Chlorine is stored in small amounts in the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and bones and forms two-thirds of the most expensive ion (anion) in the blood.
Chlorides (chlorine compounds) play an important role in electrical neutrality and the suppression of extracellular fluid and acid balance. Stomach fluid contains chlorides in the form of hydrochloric acid and salt.
Chlorine is easily absorbed during digestion, and similarly, the rate of its excretion by sweat, kidney excretion, and intestinal excretion is high. Chlorine body properties quickly dissipate during hot weather, when excessive sweating reduces the body’s fluid content.
Also, stored chlorides can be dangerously reduced during periods of severe vomiting and diarrhea and in diseases that produce severe alkalosis, foundation accumulation, or acid loss in the body. Treatment of chlorine deficiency is targeted at the underlying cause.
The best source of chlorine is common table salt, but chlorides are also naturally found in meat, milk, and eggs. Almost all canned foods are salted during the process.
What are the symptoms of chlorine deficiency?
- fluid loss
- weakness or fatigue
- difficulty breathing
- diarrhea or vomiting, caused by fluid loss
What happens if you don't have enough chlorine in your body?
It works with other electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, to help balance acids and bases in your body. It also helps move fluid in and out of your cells. So if your chloride levels drop, you can become sick and dehydrated.
What does a deficiency of chloride in the diet cause?
Chloride deficiency led to the contraction of the extracellular volume and the substitution of poorly absorbable anions for readily absorbable chloride. These alterations caused the development of the negative hydrogen ion and potassium balances which led to hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis.
Why would your chloride be low?
Low chloride may also occur with congestive heart failure, diabetic ketoacidosis, aldosterone deficiency, prolonged vomiting or gastric suction, Addison disease, emphysema or other chronic lung diseases (causing respiratory acidosis), and with loss of acid from the body (called metabolic alkalosis).
Is low chlorine bad?
When chlorine levels are too high, sweat, skin, and other organic compounds can react with chlorine, producing harmful fumes that cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. However, these findings may show the effects of over-chlorination, but do not suggest that a low level of chlorine is harmful.
Do humans need chlorine?
Yes, human beings cannot live without chlorine. Our body's cells exist in a sea of fluid. This fluid is mostly water, along with dissolved charged atoms of sodium and chloride.
How is low chloride treated?
You may receive intravenous (IV) fluids, such as normal saline solution, to restore electrolytes to normal levels. Your doctor may also request that you have your electrolyte levels tested regularly for monitoring purposes. If your hypochloremia is mild, then it can sometimes be corrected by an adjustment to your diet.