Calcium is an important mineral. Your body uses it to build strong bones and teeth. Your heart and other muscles also need calcium to function properly.
Long-term calcium deficiency can lead to dental changes, cataracts, changes in the brain, and osteoporosis, leading to brittle bones. No initial symptoms may occur due to calcium deficiency. It is usually mild, but without treatment, it can become life-threatening.
In this article, we describe how to prevent or treat calcium deficiency diseases. We also describe its symptoms and who is at risk.
Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency
Calcium is essential for many physical activities, so a deficiency can have a wide range of effects on muscles, bones, and teeth, as well as mental health.
If a short diet is responsible for eating deficiencies, there are initially no symptoms. In the long run, a person may experience osteopenia or low bone density. Without treatment, it can lead to osteoporosis or brittle bones.
Diet, however, is not usually responsible – a calcium deficiency comes primarily from health problems or treatment, such as kidney failure, stomach removal, or the use of certain actions such as diuretics.
The following sections look at the symptoms of calcium deficiency in more detail,
A person with calcium deficiency may experience:
- Muscle pain, obstruction, and spasms
- Pain in thighs and arms while walking or jogging
- Numbness and tingling around the hands, arms, legs, and feet as well as around the face
These symptoms can come and go but do not tend to disappear with their activity.
More extreme sensations may indicate more acute deficits, which may result in:
Low levels of calcium can cause extreme fatigue, which involves a lack of energy and a gradual overall feeling. It can also cause insomnia.
Fatigue associated with a calcium deficiency can also include mild headaches, dizziness, and brain fog – this is characterized by a lack of focus, forgetfulness, and confusion.
Nail and skin symptoms
Permanent calcium deficiency can be:
- Dry skin
- Dry, broken, or brittle nails
- Thick hair
- Alopecia, which causes hair to fall out in patches
- Eczema or inflammation of the skin that can cause itching or dry patches
Osteopenia and osteoporosis
Bones store calcium well but need high levels to stay strong. When overall calcium levels are low, the body can remove some of the bones, leaving them brittle and prone to injury. Over time, having too little calcium can lead to bone loss, a decrease in mineral density in the bones.
This can lead to osteoporosis, which results in thinning of the bones and the risk of fractures, as well as pain and problems with posture. Osteoporosis and other complications of calcium deficiency can take years.
Low calcium levels have been linked to severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Participants in a 2017 study reported improved mood and decreased fluid retention rate after taking 500 mg (mg) of calcium daily for 2 months.
In 2019, researchers concluded that low levels of vitamin D and calcium during the second half of the menstrual cycle may contribute to the symptoms of PMS. The team suggested that supplements could relieve symptoms.
When the body is deficient in calcium, it pulls it from the source as a tooth. It can cause dental problems, including:
- Tooth decay
- Fragile teeth
- Annoyed gums
- Weak tooth roots
Also, calcium deficiency in a baby can impede tooth development.
Some evidence suggests that calcium deficiency may be associated with mood disorders, including stress, although more research will be needed to confirm this.
Anyone who suspects that calcium deficiency is contributing to depressive symptoms should consult a doctor. After checking the person’s calcium levels, the doctor may recommend a calcium supplement.
When to contact a doctor?
Anyone who experiences symptoms of calcium deficiency should talk to a doctor. They can order tests and check blood calcium levels.
Doctors define it as hazepalsemia or calcium deficiency because it has a blood calcium concentration below 8.8 mg per deciliter.
The recommended dietary allowance of calcium for adults aged 19-50 years is one thousand milligrams.
Older adults need more, however: Women at least 51 years old and men aged at least 1 year should take 1,200 mg of calcium daily.
Treatment and prevention
The safest and easiest way to cure or prevent calcium deficiency is to add more calcium to your diet.
Some calcium-rich foods include:
- Dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt
- Including nuts and seeds, nuts and sesame seeds
Before taking a calcium supplement, talk to a doctor. Excessive calcium intake, an issue called hypercalcemia, increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney stones, and other serious health problems.
When a deficiency is severe or when supplemental and dietary adjustments do not achieve adequate results, a doctor may prescribe a calcium injection.
What are the symptoms of calcium deficiency in adults?
1. confusion or memory loss. 2. muscle spasms. 3. numbness and tingling in the hands, feet, and face. 4. depression. 5. hallucinations. 6. muscle cramps. 7. weak and brittle nails. 8. easy fracturing of the bones.
What happens if calcium is low in body?
Hypocalcemia, also known as a calcium deficiency disease, occurs when the blood has low levels of calcium. A long-term calcium deficiency can lead to dental changes, cataracts, alterations in the brain, and osteoporosis, which causes the bones to become brittle.
Does calcium deficiency affect sleep?
The study concluded that disturbances in sleep, especially the absence of REM deep sleep or disturbed REM sleep, are related to a calcium deficiency. Restoration to the normal course of sleep was achieved following the normalization of the blood calcium level.