Mustard Greens Benefits, Nutrition, And Its Side Effects

Mustard Greens Benefits

Mustard greens offer several health benefits due to their rich nutritional profile. Here are some of the potential benefits associated with consuming mustard greens.

Mustard Greens Benefits


Mustard greens are packed with essential vitamins and minerals. They are an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as folate, calcium, manganese, and fiber. These nutrients contribute to overall health and support various bodily functions.

Antioxidant properties

Mustard greens contain antioxidants, such as vitamin C, beta-carotene, and flavonoids. These compounds help protect the body against free radicals, which can cause oxidative stress and damage to cells. Antioxidants may contribute to reducing the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, certain cancers, and neurodegenerative disorders.

Cardiovascular health

The high fiber content in mustard greens can be beneficial for heart health. Fiber helps reduce cholesterol levels, particularly LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, which is associated with an increased risk of heart disease. Additionally, mustard greens contain potassium, which supports healthy blood pressure levels.

Bone health

Mustard greens are an excellent source of vitamin K, which plays a crucial role in bone health. Vitamin K is necessary for the proper utilization of calcium, helping to maintain strong and healthy bones. Adequate vitamin K intake has been associated with a reduced risk of fractures and osteoporosis.

Anti-inflammatory properties

Mustard greens contain phytonutrients, including glucosinolates and isothiocyanates, which have anti-inflammatory properties. Chronic inflammation has been linked to various health conditions, such as arthritis, heart disease, and certain cancers. Including mustard greens in your diet may help combat inflammation.

Digestive health

The fiber content in mustard greens promotes healthy digestion by adding bulk to the stool and supporting regular bowel movements. Adequate fiber intake can aid in preventing constipation and maintaining a healthy digestive system.

Weight management

Mustard greens are low in calories and high in fiber, making them a valuable addition to a weight management plan. The high fiber content can help increase satiety, reduce appetite, and contribute to overall calorie control.

Remember, individual responses to specific foods may vary, and it’s always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional or nutritionist for personalized advice regarding your dietary needs and any potential interactions with existing health conditions or medications.

Mustard Greens Nutrition

Mustard greens are highly nutritious and offer a range of essential vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial compounds. Here is a breakdown of the nutrition profile of mustard greens per 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of raw, chopped greens:

  • Calories: 27
  • Carbohydrates: 5.9 grams
  • Fiber: 3.2 grams
  • Sugars: 1.5 grams
  • Protein: 2.9 grams
  • Fat: 0.4 grams

Mustard greens are also a good source of vitamins and minerals, including:

  • Vitamin A: 5880 IU (118% of the Daily Value)
  • Vitamin C: 70 milligrams (116% of the Daily Value)
  • Vitamin K: 257.5 micrograms (322% of the Daily Value)
  • Folate: 97 micrograms (24% of the Daily Value)
  • Calcium: 115 milligrams (12% of the Daily Value)
  • Manganese: 0.4 milligrams (22% of the Daily Value)
  • Potassium: 314 milligrams (9% of the Daily Value)
  • Magnesium: 13 milligrams (3% of the Daily Value)

Additionally, mustard greens contain small amounts of other vitamins and minerals, including vitamin E, vitamin B6, iron, phosphorus, and zinc.

It’s important to note that these values can vary depending on the specific variety of mustard greens and their growing conditions. Nevertheless, mustard greens are generally considered a nutritious vegetable that can contribute to a healthy and balanced diet.

Mustard Greens Side Effects

While mustard greens are generally safe to consume and offer numerous health benefits, there are a few considerations to keep in mind:


Mustard greens, like other cruciferous vegetables, contain compounds called goitrogens. Goitrogens can interfere with thyroid function by blocking the absorption of iodine. However, the goitrogenic effect is generally minimal when mustard greens are consumed in moderate amounts. Individuals with thyroid conditions, particularly hypothyroidism, may want to moderate their intake of cruciferous vegetables and ensure adequate iodine intake.


Mustard greens, like many leafy greens, contain oxalates. Oxalates can contribute to the formation of kidney stones in susceptible individuals. If you have a history of kidney stones or are at risk of developing them, it may be advisable to moderate your intake of foods high in oxalates.

Allergic Reactions

Mustard greens belong to the Brassica family, and individuals with known allergies to other members of this family, such as cabbage or broccoli, may also be allergic to mustard greens. Allergic reactions can range from mild to severe and may include symptoms like skin rash, itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing. If you have known allergies, it’s important to exercise caution when trying new foods.

Interactions with Medications

Mustard greens contain vitamin K, which plays a role in blood clotting. If you are taking anticoagulant medications, such as warfarin or Coumadin, it’s crucial to maintain a consistent intake of vitamin K-containing foods, including mustard greens, to ensure proper medication effectiveness. Speak with your healthcare provider about any potential interactions or adjustments needed.

Digestive Upset

Some individuals may experience digestive discomfort, such as bloating or gas, when consuming cruciferous vegetables like mustard greens. This is due to their fiber content and the presence of raffinose, a type of carbohydrate that can be difficult to digest. Gradually increasing your intake of mustard greens and ensuring adequate hydration can help minimize these effects.

As with any dietary change or specific health condition, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian who can provide personalized guidance based on your individual circumstances. They can help determine the most suitable amount of mustard greens to include in your diet and address any concerns or potential interactions.

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