Insomnia is a sleep disorder that regularly affects millions of people worldwide. A person with insomnia finds it difficult to fall asleep or sleep. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults need at least 7-9 hours of sleep every 24 hours, depending on their age.
Studies show that about 25% of people in the United States suffer from insomnia each year, but about 75% of these people do not have long-term problems.
Causes of insomnia
Insomnia can occur in a variety of physical and mental conditions. Often, the cause is a temporary problem, such as temporary depression. In some cases, insomnia is the result of poor health.
- the room is too hot, cold, or noisy, or the bed is uncomfortable
- caring for someone in the house if it interferes with sleep
- having nightmares or nightmares
- use of recreational drugs, such as cocaine or ecstasy
- life stressors include your job, relationships, financial difficulties, and more
- unhealthy lifestyle and sleep habits
- anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems
- chronic diseases such as cancer
- chronic pain due to arthritis, fibromyalgia, or other conditions
- intestinal disorders, such as heartburn
- hormonal fluctuations due to menstruation, thyroid disease, or other problems
- medications and other substances
- emotional disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease
For some people, stress or a mental health problem causes insomnia. Someone may be experiencing:
- bipolar disorder
Other health conditions that can reduce sleep deprivation include:
- legs without disease
- overactive thyroid
- sleep deprivation
- chronic pain
The symptoms of another health problem or environmental change often cause difficulty sleeping. During menopause, for example, hormonal changes can lead to night sweats, disrupting sleep.
Treatment for insomnia
The best course of action may be based on the underlying cause and the type of insomnia, but some options include:
- behavioral psychotherapy
- prescription drugs
- purchased bedding accessories
However, there is no strong enough evidence to prove that melatonin helps with sleep.
What are the 3 types of insomnia?
Three types of insomnia are acute, transient, and chronic insomnia. Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with sleep initiation, maintenance, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep and results in some form of daytime impairment.
Can Insomnia be a sign of something serious?
Stress. Events like a job loss or the death of a loved one often cause some sleepless nights. Your doctor might call it acute insomnia as long as it goes away on its own within a few nights. Long-term worry, as well as anxiety disorder, panic attacks, and PTSD, can lead to chronic insomnia, which is more serious.
Is insomnia a mental illness?
Insomnia is caused by difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep or waking up too early in the morning. Insomnia is rarely an isolated medical or mental illness but rather a symptom of another illness to be investigated by a person and their medical doctors.