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Puberty for Girls: Physical And Social Changes

Puberty for girls adolescence begins in a child’s life through adolescence. During this time various changes are seen inside and outside the body of a child. As a result, this chapter is deeply significant in human life. During adolescence, certain changes take place in the human body in line with time and speed. 

Nutrition, gene structure, and social factors play an important role as a prerequisite for puberty. And it is these prerequisites that make a parent aware of his or her child’s adolescent changes. These normal and healthy changes serve as a guide for a child to move from childhood to adolescence. One more thing to keep in mind is that the effects of puberty vary greatly from time to time in every child’s life and that adolescent changes can occur at any time between the ages of 9 and 14 years.

The types of changes that occur in early adolescence and adolescence are:

  • Different types of physical development occur in girls at this time
  • The genitals develop
  • Emotional and social change
  • Cognitive or practical change

During puberty, the reproductive organs develop in the body of girls and sex hormones begin to be secreted. During this time the ovaries develop in girls and the testes in boys. The sex hormone that changes a girl’s body is estrogen.

The changes that you will see in the case of adolescent girls are:

Physical changes

  • At the beginning of puberty, your daughter’s physical development will be very fast and her physical height will also increase. In the case of girls, physical development is usually up to 17-18 years.
  • The physical size of the girls also began to change. Girls may gain weight at this time. Their hips can be wide. The buttocks, thighs, and abdomen of girls get fat and those parts become obese.
  • Adolescence is the first sign of physical development in girls, their breast development is noticeable.
  • Vaginal (pubic) and underarm hairs begin to grow
  • The menstrual cycle of girls begins. They experience abdominal pain or a feeling of being bitten during menstruation. In some girls, menstruation may be irregular for the first few months after the onset of the menstrual cycle.
  • At this time in the body of girls, the skin may become oily and sweaty due to hormonal changes. Acne can have serious psychological consequences, especially for adolescent girls.

Emotional and social change

During adolescence, you may notice some emotional and social changes in your daughter that help her to accept and adapt to her physical changes. At the same time, the feeling of independence is awoken in them. During adolescence, various physical and hormonal changes occur. That’s why as a parent you will see the following emotional or emotional changes in your daughter.

There are very deep and intense feelings at different times

It is like a frequent change of mood. An important thing to keep in mind is that their brains still teach them how to express their feelings.

Becomes emotionally sensitive 

During this time a girl begins to develop skills to know and understand the feelings of others. Because of this they become overly sensitive or misinterpret each other’s behavior and body language.

Their self-awareness about their physical constitution and changes is seen 

Adolescent girls can compare their physical beauty with a friend or a person close to them.

The social changes that take place during this time are,

  • Adolescent girls tend to develop self-identity. He wants to express himself to the outside world and to know and understand himself. Gender, close people, cultural background, media, school, and family influences are behind finding one’s identity.
  • Girls start trying to become self-reliant by trying to understand themselves. Such an effort affects his decision-making ability and his ability to build relationships with family and friends. Girls of this age want to maintain a distance from their parents. That means they want to create a separate place for themselves.
  • Friends or close people can grow up with them even more than family members. Their demeanor, sense of belonging, and self-confidence help to increase their acceptability to friends and loved ones.
  • Adolescent girls develop their brains in such a way that they want to show or see something new. As a result, some teenagers (not all of them) develop a tendency towards risky activities. At the same time, they develop the power to control impulsiveness.
  • During this time a girl also became interested in her sexuality and sexual identity. So very naturally the attraction towards oneself and the opposite sex grows. This is why people generally fall in love at this age.
  • The tendency to use ever-new means of communication increases. It has an impact on socializing with friends through mobile, the internet, and social media. And in this way, their communication with the larger world also developed.

Cognitive change 

During adolescence, the development of the brain of a boy or girl begins with a series of changes. In adolescence, the human brain works at a very high level. For example, the ability to think abstractly, make decisions, set goals in life, and give opinions. As a parent, you may notice the following changes.

  • Girls of this age think abstractly and repeatedly ask questions to understand the difference between right and wrong. In this way, his own personality and values ​​develop.
  • Although her decision-making skills are not well developed at this time, she tries to understand and learn about the consequences of her actions.
  • She sets her life goal and starts thinking long-term to move towards that goal, such as – his favorite career, or hobby.
  • If you, as a parent, have a good understanding of your adolescent’s physical, emotional, and social development, you can help her adapt to her changes. 


What age does puberty stop for females?

Girls generally begin and end puberty about two years earlier than boys, starting around age 11 and ending around age 16.

Is it normal for a 9 year old to have pubic hair?

Adrenarche is usually normal in girls who are at least 8 years old, and boys who are at least 9 years old. Even when pubic and underarm hair appear in children younger than this, it is still usually nothing to worry about, but your child does need to see their pediatrician for an exam.

What does puberty feel like for a girl?

Just as those hormones change the way your body looks on the outside, they also create changes on the inside. During puberty, you might feel confused or have strong emotions that you've never had before. You might feel overly sensitive or become upset easily.

At what age puberty ends?

Although there is a wide range of normal ages, girls typically begin puberty around ages 10–11 and end puberty around 15–17; boys begin around ages 11–12 and end around 16–17. Girls attain reproductive maturity about four years after the first physical changes of puberty appear.

What changes happen during puberty for a girl?

The girl's body shape will also begin to change. There may be an increase not only in height and weight, but the hips may get wider as well. There may also be an increase in fat in the buttocks, legs, and stomach. These are normal changes that may happen during puberty.


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